The province of Ratchaburi is located just a short distance from Bangkok City, so it is a short trip kind of place that you can go to over a day or two and explore the surroundings. There are just as many things to see here as in any other province, since it is Thailand and being steeped in history and natural environments, it makes it suitable for just any sort of tourism activity.
In the heydays of Ratchaburi, it was rather famous and one could even deem it glorious during the Suwannaphum Kingdom days. Situated along the banks of the Mae Klong River and sharing borders with Myanmar (formerly known as Burma) along the west which is known as the Tanintharyi Division and the borderline run along the Tanaosi Range, Ratchaburi is sub-divided into nine districts. The location of Ratchaburi makes it one of the central provinces of Thailand. The most famous neighbor or should be say infamous provincial neighbor is Kanchanaburi Province. This is well known for its Death Railway and the famous Bridge on the River Kwai.
In Thai, “Ratchaburi” means The Land of The King or Royal City. Aptly named after King Rama I was born here, it was a culturally and traditionally rich province and there was much development when it was famous and popular, which off course now you see as historical sites. The proximity to the Mae Klong River provides the land with numerous canal ways known as “Klongs” which made traveling by long-tail boats along these Klongs to be a very convenient way to reach the interior of the land. It is also the life-blood that feeds the rest of the areas within the Ratchaburi province. These klongs are where the floating markets are held every day for the locals to ply their trade and wares. The most famous of these floating markets is the Damnoen Saduak Floating Market where tourist and locals alike enjoy flocking to every day and is really packed over the weekends.
To the west are hills and mountain ranges which make it a perfect place for the natural topography of limestone caves and cliff faces. This area is also the site of the Prachan National Park. An adventurer and caving explorer will have a great time in these places and for those who are not squeamish about bats, they are a sight to behold in the evenings when it is time to come out for the hunt, which off course does not include tangling into your hair as is an old wives belief!
The best way to explore Ratchaburi province is by accompanied tour packages to Ratchaburi which includes the famous places such as tours to Damnoen Saduak floating market, a bicycle tour of Kanchanaburi which includes Ratchaburi as part of it itinerary, you could also rent a car for a self-drive visit, or hop on a train from Hua Lamphong Train Station in Bangkok.